Books in the CWLMC
Architectural TIme Periods
Neolithic Architecture - 9500 B.C (Also known as The New Stone Age)
Pottery was first introduced in this age, as well as the development of tools for hunting, building and cooking. The neolithic peoples in the Levant, Anatolia, Syria, northern Mesopotamia and Central Asia were great builders, utilizing mud-brick to construct houses and villages. Houses were plastered and painted with elaborate scenes of humans and animals.
Ancient Mediterranean - 3000 B.C – 300(?) B.C.
This period covers the Ancient Civilizations of Mesopotamia, Ancient Egypt, Greece, Rome and The Byzantine Empire.
Islamic Architecture - 600 A.D.- 1700s
Influences of Moorish, Abbasid Caliphate, Fatimid, Mamluk, Persian, Azerbaijani, Turkistan, Ottoman, Indo-Islamic, Sino-Islamic, Indonesian-Malay, Sahelian-Islamic, and the Somali-Islamic architectures. The principal Islamic architectural types are: the Mosque, the Tomb, the Palace and the Fort.
Africa - 2000 B.C. – 1000 A.D.
The architecture of Africa is remarkably diverse because each of these African ethno-linguistic tribes has had their own architectural traditions throughout history. These entire region share a common theme that defines traditional African architecture: The use of fractal scaling: small parts of the structure tend to look similar to larger parts, such as a circular village made of circular houses. African architecture uses a wide range of materials, such as thatch, stick/wood, mud, mud brick, rammed earth, and stone, and other more perishable material.
Asia - 5000 B.C. – 300 A.D.
Persian architecture, this age comprises of all four corners of Asia. It encompasses a wide variety of geographically and historically spread structures, each to their own details and religious deities.
Pre-Columbian - 2000 B.C. – 1600 A.D.
Ancient North America influences
Medieval Period - 500 A.D. to 1600s (Middle Ages)
Colonial - 16th – 20th Centuries
Baroque (elaborate and over-designed)
Classicism (symmetry and proportion)
Revivalism (revival of an architectural era)
Orientalism (Imitation of Eastern Cultures)
Art Nouveau (organic forms and structures)
Early Modern - 1900 – 1940s
Think of old Hollywood, Silver Screen at its peak
Contemporary Architecture - 1950s – Present
Regionalism (sense of placelessness)
Postmodern Architecture (diverse and innovative aesthetics)
Deconstructive Architecture (fragmentation and controlled chaos)
The newest addition to this period is Green Architecture, also known as Sustainable Architecture
All Research should include the following:
1. Choose an architectural movement from the list provided.
2. Type a 1-2 page research paper focusing on significant aspects of the movement (see below).
3. Create an original drawing in 2 point perspective of a building, village, town, or city that has been heavily influence by the architectural movement that you researched. You should include specific recognizable architectural elements into your drawing. Use photo references as needed, but do not copy.
4. Write an artist statement discussing where, how and why you demonstrated the specific aspects of the architectural movement in your drawing; present this to the class, and display both in the art gallery for the student body and faculty to view.
Writing Your Research Paper:
1. You will use at least 3 different media sources to compile your information and site these sources in a bibliography using NoodleTools.
2. When researching and writing your paper, you will want to focus on information such as:
a. Where and when did the architectural movement begin?
b. What is the cultural significance of the architectural movement – what political, social, and/or religious beliefs influenced the structural designs?
c. What architects are known for their contributions to these movements and what were those contributions?
d. What recognizable characteristics are present in buildings of this architectural style?